Same Sex Couples & Single Parents
The PCRM team is happy to provide all levels of fertility services to same sex couples or those who do not have an accompanying partner. Family is not defined by the gender, race or sexual orientation of the parents.
Whether you have made the decision to proceed with treatment or just exploring your options, we encourage you to schedule a consultation. If you decide to pursue the path to pregnancy with us, you will find that we offer a complete range of assisted reproductive technologies, including donor oocyte and sperm services. Please review the logistics of utilizing donor sperm at PCRM and the associated legal issues.
What makes a legal parent? B.C.Family Law Act (2011)
Legal parentage is defined by provincial law. The B.C. Family Law Act (2011) came fully into force on March 18, 2013, replacing the Family Relations Act. The legislation clarifies parental responsibilities and the division of assets if relationships break down, but most importantly for our patients, establishes a much needed framework for determining a child’s legal parents, including where assisted reproduction is used.
In 1992, the Uniform Law Conference of Canada adopted the Uniform Child Status Act. This uniform act includes provisions for determining legal parentage where assisted reproduction is used and the birth mother and her husband (or male partner) intend to be the child’s parents. It does not deal with how to determine legal parentage where the birth mother is in a same-sex relationship, or where a child is born as a result of a surrogacy arrangement. To assign parentage in this setting; a legal contract directing parentage to the other partner must exist at birth. The law states that in the making of parenting arrangements, no particular arrangement is presumed to be in the best interests of the child and without limiting that, the following must not be presumed:
(a) that parental responsibilities should be allocated equally among guardians;
(b) that parenting time should be shared equally among guardians;
(c) that decisions among guardians should be made separately or together.